Securing the Cyberspace through Information Technology Solutions
The world today, is wholly dependent upon a parallel virtual world, for its running and smooth functioning. Information technology has managed to pervade all aspects of our daily lives, and holds utmost pertinence in the professional world. All interactions involving significant use of acumen in order to render services, have become transactions of information between the real and the virtual world. Scientists estimate that the current storage capacity of the world in terms of memory of information, is 295 billion gigabytes. It certainly could be more, as technology undergoes advancements. With the global village relying extensively on the cyberspace for its existence, it is indeed a very scary situation when you come to think that it is possible for all this information to be jeopardized. The cyberspace can be manipulated in cruelly malicious ways, beyond imaginable. Any technology can be misused if it lands in the wrong hands, so it is with information technology as well. This makes its safeguarding and protection vital..
Firstly, in order to point out the dangers, we must be familiar with what is endangered, and further examine what can eliminate such danger. As pointed out earlier, information has assumed high value, treated almost like a currency in itself. It confers power, and is essential to carry out fundamental processes. Information technology solutions deals with the use of information stored, retrieved, exchanged and processed through computerized systems, in order to address and resolve existing problems and issues and support the general working and processes of organisations in in various fields. It applies mathematical and statistical tools for processing, estimation and prediction, as well as simulation. It proves to be extremely useful, as it involves fewer hassles and risks, is secure and cost-effective, improves productivity, and allows effective management of resources and time, in executing tasks that would otherwise require employment of labour-intensive methods. Since information technology involves handling of large amounts of sensitive data, its protection from unscrupulous and hostile entities and its potential misuse and manipulation is of extreme importance. Cybersecurity is one of the major concern for businesses all over the world, especially with the number of cases of unauthorized access, infringement of data privacy rights and invasions of cyberspace increasing day by day. Mitigating and defending systems from threats posed by infiltration of data files and preventing the corruption of software are necessary in order to ensure that all business processes are carried out safely and efficiently. That is where cybersecurity services come in handy. Cybersecurity is also called information technology security or electronic information security. It is divided into certain broad categories, namely Network Security, Application Security, Information Security, Operational Security, Disaster management and business continuity, and End-user education. Information technology provides the answer to the question posed earlier, as to what it is, specifically, that is endangered. On examining further, one would find that information technology security helps in eliminating such a danger. Information technology security refers to the services that employ practices for prevention of unauthorized access, non-permitted use, unintended and forced disclosure, disruption, adverse modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information. It focusses on boosting security, removing the scope of threats, fixing problems, and making systems that deal with information less vulnerable, more impregnable and stronger, thus relatively immune to unwanted intrusions and targeted attacks. It is carried out based on the principles of maintenance of confidentiality, integrity, selective availability, non-repudiation, authenticity, and accountability. Information technology security includes identification of areas vulnerable to such threat, identification of the threat and the entities posing it, and customising the method of elimination pertaining to the particular threat by identifying its weaknesses. Information technology security encompasses a wide range of services such as- • Identity and access management- vigilance so as to identify who has access, and how did they gain access, whether through authorised or unauthorised means; and granting and denying of access on the basis of the assessment of reliability of the source. • Data protection and privacy- conceptualisation and deployment of end-to-end security, thus protecting against data breaches; thus, ensuring privacy and protection of data by rationing of information on the basis of its purpose and usage. • Cyber infrastructure security- prevention of infiltration of the fundamental infrastructure of the software, by establishment of a basic data center and perimeter and including host and end-user security. • Security assurance- Security assurance services ascertain the technical security controls’ level of compliance with applicable regulations, legislations and standard requirements. Vulnerability assessments and penetration testing of all the system components, constitute technical security assessments undertaken to provide security assurance. • Governance, risk, and compliance- These services help manage the risks while simultaneously furthering progress through effective governance, by ensuring that the stipulated guidelines are complied with, and keeping the risk to a minimum while maximising growth. The world may not be a perfectly safe place, but with the right protection, breakthroughs and innovations thrive, and growth and progress is achieved..